Individual regulation of different hepatocellular functions during sepsis

Daniel von Allmen, Per Olof Hasselgren, Takashi Higashiguchi, Josef E. Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that different hepatocellular functions are regulated individually during sepsis. This was done by simultaneously measuring bile production, release of liver transaminases, and synthesis of secreted proteins in perfused livers from control and septic rats. Sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP); control rats were sham-operated. After 16 hours, livers were perfused in situ, and bile flow, synthesis rates of albumin and α1-acid glycoprotein (a major acute-phase protein in rats), and release of glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) and glutamicpyruvic transaminase (GPT) into perfusate were determined. Within the same livers, sepsis resulted in a 54% increase in the synthesis of α1-acid glycoprotein and approximately 30% inhibition of albumin synthesis concomitant with 50% lower bile flow. The concentrations of GOT and GPT in the perfusate increased slightly during the experiments, both when control and septic livers were perfused. The maintained tissue levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the uptake of Evans blue dye by less than 1% of the hepatocytes, although a late test of viability, suggest that both control and septic livers remained viable during perfusion. The results are consistent with the concept that different hepatocellular functions are individually regulated during sepsis. Thus, impairment of certain hepatocellular functions does not necessarily imply generalized liver failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)961-965
Number of pages5
JournalMetabolism
Volume41
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09-1992

Fingerprint

Sepsis
Liver
Transaminases
Bile
Aspartate Aminotransferases
Albumins
Glycoproteins
Evans Blue
Acids
Acute-Phase Proteins
Liver Failure
Punctures
Ligation
Hepatocytes
Coloring Agents
Perfusion
Adenosine Triphosphate
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

von Allmen, Daniel ; Hasselgren, Per Olof ; Higashiguchi, Takashi ; Fischer, Josef E. / Individual regulation of different hepatocellular functions during sepsis. In: Metabolism. 1992 ; Vol. 41, No. 9. pp. 961-965.
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Individual regulation of different hepatocellular functions during sepsis. / von Allmen, Daniel; Hasselgren, Per Olof; Higashiguchi, Takashi; Fischer, Josef E.

In: Metabolism, Vol. 41, No. 9, 09.1992, p. 961-965.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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