Induction of apoptosis in metastatic foci from human gastric cancer xenografts in nude mice and reduction of circulating tumor cells in blood by 5-FU and 1-hexylcarbamoyl-5-fluorouracil

Hayao Nakanishi, Atsushi Abe, Ken Ichi Inada, Tetsuya Tsukamoto, Kenzo Yasui, Masae Tatematsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Antimetastatic effects of 5-FU and its derivative, 1-hexylcarbamoyl-5-fluorouracil (HCFU) on human gastric cancer micrometastasis and their mode of action were evaluated, using a spontaneous lung metastasis model (HY-1) in nude mice. Metastases were first detected in the lung from 4 weeks after subcutaneous transplantation, growing intravascularly and forming micrometastases at 100% incidence by 6 weeks after implantation. Lung metastasis in mice bearing subcutaneous tumors was significantly inhibited by HCFU at doses of 100-150 mg kg-1 day-1 without severe toxic side-effects, when orally administered three times per week either from week 4 or week 6 to 9 weeks after implantation. Spontaneous lung metastasis was also inhibited by the administration of 5-FU, but to lesser extent than with HCFU at equimolar low doses. Apoptosis within primary tumors and lung metastatic foci, as detected by the terminal-deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling method, was found to be significantly enhanced by HCFU as well as 5-FU administration at doses of more than 100 mg kg-1 day-1 and 50 mg kg-1 day-1 respectively. However, proliferating activity of the metastatic foci, as evaluated by MIB-1 immunostaining, was not significantly suppressed by HCFU or 5-FU treatment. Furthermore, polymerase chain reaction analysis using human specific primers for the β-globin gene, which proved to be capable of detecting 10 tumor cells/ml mouse blood, revealed that circulating tumor cells in the peripheral blood of mice bearing primary tumors were reduced by HCFU or 5-FU administration. These results indicate that circulating tumor cells in blood and micrometastases in the lung are sensitive to these chemotherapeutic agents, and suggest that the anti-metastatic effect of these agents is mediated, at least in part, by enhanced apoptosis rather than by inhibition of cell proliferation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)660-668
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Volume125
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 06-12-1999
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Induction of apoptosis in metastatic foci from human gastric cancer xenografts in nude mice and reduction of circulating tumor cells in blood by 5-FU and 1-hexylcarbamoyl-5-fluorouracil'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this