Induction of cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis by a novel retinobenzoic- acid derivative, TAC-101, in human pancreatic-cancer cells

Koji Fujimoto, Ryo Hosotani, Ryuichiro Doi, Michihiko Wada, Jeon Uk Lee, Takatomo Koshiba, Yoshiharu Miyamoto, Shoichiro Tsuji, Sanae Nakajima, Masayuki Imamura

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66 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we investigated the effect of a novel retinobenzoic acid, 4-[3,5-bis (trimethylsilyl) benzamido] benzoic acid (TAC-101), on the growth of 4 human pancreatic-cancer cell lines; BxPC-3, MIA-PaCa-2, CFPAC-1 and AsPC-1, TAC-101 significantly inhibited the proliferation of BxPC-3 and MIA- PaCa-2 cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner, but not the proliferation of AsPC-1 cells. Furthermore, the anti-proliferative effects of TAC-101 on BxPC-3 and MIA-PaCa-2 cells were stronger than those of all-trans retinoic acid. Flow-cytometric analyses indicated that treatment of BxPC-3 with TAC-101 strongly induces cell-cycle arrest at the G1 phase. The cell- cycle arrest induced by TAC-101 was accompanied by reduction of retinoblastoma-gene product (RB) phosphorylation and an increase of 2 cyclin- dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitors, p21(WAF1/Cip1) (p21) and p27(Kip1) (p27). TAC-101 also caused a decrease in cyclin A and thymidylate synthase, which are E2F-regulated gene products. No changes were observed in the expression of cyclin DI, cyclin E on CDK2. In addition, Hoechst staining, gel electrophoresis and flow-cytometric analysis indicated that a marked reduction in the number of BxPC-3 cells with TAC-101 was related to the induction of apoptosis. Our results suggest that TAC-101 inhibits the growth of certain pancreatic-cancer cells by means of G1-phase cell-cycle arrest resulting from the reduction of RB phosphorylation and the up-regulation of p21 and p27 as well as the induction of apoptosis. TAC-101 may therefore be a useful agent for new therapeutic strategies focusing on inhibition of pancreatic-cancer-cell proliferation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-644
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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