Collapsin response mediator protein-2 (CRMP-2) is a mammalian homologue of UNC-33 of Caenorhabditis elegans. Mutations of CRMP-2 result in abnormal axon termination. Recently, it was demonstrated that CRMP-2 binds to tubulin heterodimers to promote microtubule assembly that is critical for axonal differentiation and growth during development. Here we show that glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) enhances CRMP-2 expression in TGW human neuroblastoma cells via activation of RET receptor tyrosine kinase. GDNF-mediated CRMP-2 expression was regulated mainly by the extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) pathway, but was independent of activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and Src family kinases. Analysis of the promoter region of the CRMP-2 gene revealed that the region 214-48bp upstream of the transcriptional start site is important for CRMP-2 expression. The SP1, E2F, and GATA1/2 binding sites appeared to play some roles in regulation of CRMP-2 expression. As expected, the CRMP-2 protein accumulated in extended neurites of TGW cells treated with GDNF. However, neuritogenesis of TGW cells was mostly dependent on Src family kinase activity and not ERK activity, indicating that the increased expression of CRMP-2 alone was not sufficient for neuritogenesis.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 16-07-2004|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology