Induction of Epstein-Barr virus oncoprotein LMP1 by transcription factors AP-2 and early B cell factor

Takayuki Murata, Chieko Noda, Yohei Narita, Takahiro Watanabe, Masahiro Yoshida, Keiji Ashio, Yoshitaka Sato, Fumi Goshima, Teru Kanda, Hironori Yoshiyama, Tatsuya Tsurumi, Hiroshi Kimura

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is a major oncogene essential for primary B cell transformation by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Previous studies suggested that some transcription factors, such as PU.1, RBP-Jκ, NF-κB, and STAT, are involved in this expression, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Here, we identified binding sites for PAX5, AP-2, and EBF in the proximal LMP1 promoter (ED-L1p). We first confirmed the significance of PU.1 and POU domain transcription factor binding for activation of the promoter in latency III. We then focused on the transcription factors AP-2 and early B cell factor (EBF). Interestingly, among the three AP-2-binding sites in the LMP1 promoter, two motifs were also bound by EBF. Overexpression, knockdown, and mutagenesis in the context of the viral genome indicated that AP-2 plays an important role in LMP1 expression in latency II in epithelial cells. In latency III B cells, on the other hand, the B cell-specific transcription factor EBF binds to the ED-L1p and activates LMP1 transcription from the promoter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3873-3889
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume90
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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    Murata, T., Noda, C., Narita, Y., Watanabe, T., Yoshida, M., Ashio, K., Sato, Y., Goshima, F., Kanda, T., Yoshiyama, H., Tsurumi, T., & Kimura, H. (2016). Induction of Epstein-Barr virus oncoprotein LMP1 by transcription factors AP-2 and early B cell factor. Journal of Virology, 90(8), 3873-3889. https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.03227-15