Background: Patients with intraductal papillary mucinous tumor have a favorable prognosis after surgical treatment. When this neoplasm is located in the head of the pancreas, resection has conventionally required pancreatoduodenectomy. Although pancreatoduodenectomy can now be performed with a low mortality rate, morbidity still occurs frequently. Methods: Between November 1982 and January 1999, 38 intraductal papillary mucinous tumors of the pancreas were resected at the Chiba University Hospital. Seven patients (18%) underwent inferior head resection of the pancreas. In this preliminary study, the operative technique is presented, and its efficacy in improvement of quality of life is evaluated. Results: Patients with intraductal papillary mucinous tumor underwent resection with no perioperative mortality. After discharge from hospital, 6 patients who underwent inferior head resection were still alive without recurrent disease after a median follow-up of 3 years. However, 1 patient developed peritoneal dissemination and died 18 months after inferior head resection. Patients had regained 98% of preoperative weight 1 year after inferior head resection. N- benzoyl-L-tyrosyl-p-amino-benzoic acid (BT-PABA) excretion test showed the same value before (73%) and after (73%) inferior head resection (n = 7). Pancreatic fistulas occurred more frequently after inferior head resection (38%), but the incidence of major complications was similar between inferior head resection and other types of pancreatic head resection. Conclusions: Pancreatic function was well preserved, and patients regained 98% of preoperative weight after inferior head resection of the pancreas. The authors concluded that the limited involvement of intraductal papillary mucinous tumors enables the surgeons to perform inferior head resection of the pancreas. (C) 2000 by Excerpta Medica, Inc.
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