Influence of Brain Metastasis on Analgesia-Related Outcomes in Patients with Lung and Breast Cancers Treated with Naldemedine: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis

Aya Hanamoto, Takenao Koseki, Ayaka Utsunomiya, Takuma Ishihara, Takao Tobe, Masashi Kondo, Yuko Kijima, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Tomohiro Mizuno, Takahiro Hayashi, Shigeki Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Naldemedine is structurally designed to prevent passage across the blood–brain barrier (BBB), resulting in the attenuation of opioid-induced constipation without interfering with the analgesic effects of opioids. However, the influence of brain metastasis (BM), as one indicator of BBB disruption, on the analgesic effects of opioids in patients treated with naldemedine remains unclear. To examine whether the analgesic effects of opioids following naldemedine treatment are lower in patients with BM than in those without BM, we surveyed inpatients with lung and breast cancers treated with naldemedine at Fujita Health University Hospital between April 2017 and March 2022. Changes in the numeric rating scale (NRS) scores, morphine milligram equivalents (MMEs), and the number of rescues were assessed as analgesia-related outcomes during the first 7 days of naldemedine treatment in patients with or without BM, matched by the propensity score. In total, 172 patients were enrolled. After propensity-score matching, 30 patients with BM and 60 patients without BM were included in the analysis. Changes in NRS scores, MMEs, and the number of rescues did not differ between patients with and without BM. In the linear mixed-effects model, the coefficient of interaction between patients with or without BM and the days for each outcome was not statistically significant. BM does not influence the analgesic effect of opioids in patients with lung and breast cancers treated with naldemedine. Naldemedine may be useful for treating BM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6997
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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