Influence of MIF polymorphisms on CpG island hyper-methylation of CDKN2A in the patients with ulcerative colitis

Naoko Sakurai, Tomoyuki Shibata, Masakatsu Nakamura, Hikaru Takano, Tasuku Hayashi, Masafumi Ota, Tomoe Nomura-Horita, Ranji Hayashi, Takeo Shimasaki, Toshimi Ostuka, Tomomitsu Tahara, Tomiyasu Arisawa

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Background: CDKN2A hypermethylation is among the major events associated with carcinogenesis and is also observed in non-neoplastic colonic mucosa in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) plays a crucial role in promoting gastrointestinal inflammation characteristic of UC. The aim of this study is to explore associations between CDKN2A methylation status and MIF polymorphisms (rs755622 and rs5844572). Methods: One hundred and fifty-nine patients diagnosed with UC were enrolled in this study. The methylation status of p14 ARF and p16 INK4a was determined by MSP; MIF genotypes were identified by PCR-SSCP. Results: We found no differences with respect to mean age, gender, clinical type (chronic continuous or relapse/remitting), or extent of disease among the patients with methylated and unmethylated p14 ARF or p16 INK4a . Carrying the rs755622 C allele indicated a significantly higher risk for p14 ARF methylation (odds ratio (OR), 2.16; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.08-4.32; p = 0.030); similarly, carrying the rs5844572 7-repeat allele indicated a significantly higher risk for p16 INK4a methylation (OR, 2.57; 95% CI, 1.26-5.24; p = 0.0094) after an adjusted regression analysis. The carriers of the rs755662 C allele or the rs5844572 7-repeat allele were both at a significantly higher risk for methylation of both p14 ARF and p16 INK4a when compared to the cohort in which neither of the genes were methylated (OR, 2.70; 95% CI, 1.22-6.01; p = 0.015 and OR, 2.87; 95% CI, 1.25-6.62; p = 0.013, respectively). Additionally, carrying rs755622 C allele was significantly associated with CIHM in chronic continuous of clinical type and total colitis (OR, 25.9; 95% CI, 2.55-262.6; p = 0.0059 and OR, 4.38; 95% CI, 1.12-17.2; p = 0.034, respectively), and carrying 7-repeat allele of rs5844572 was significantly associated in chronic continuous type (OR, 14.5; 95%CI, 1.46-144.3; p = 0.022). Conclusions: Taken together, our findings suggest that MIF genotypes associated with inflammation may also be involved in promoting carcinogenesis via CDKN2A hypermethylation in patients diagnosed with UC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number201
JournalBMC Medical Genetics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12-10-2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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