Influence of renal impairment and genetic subtypes on warfarin control in japanese patients

Tomotaka Tanaka, Masafumi Ihara, Kazuki Fukuma, Haruko Yamamoto, Kazuo Washida, Shunsuke Kimura, Akiko Kada, Shigeki Miyata, Toshiyuki Miyata, Kazuyuki Nagatsuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The genotypes of vitamin K epoxide reductase complex 1 (VKORC1) and cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) can influence therapeutic warfarin doses. Conversely, nongenetic factors, especially renal function, are associated with warfarin maintenance doses; however, the optimal algorithm for considering genes and renal dysfunction has not been established. This single-center prospective cohort study aimed to evaluate the factors affecting warfarin maintenance doses and develop phar-macogenetics-guided algorithms, including the factors of renal impairment and others. To com-mence, 176 outpatients who were prescribed warfarin for thromboembolic stroke prophylaxis in the stroke center, were enrolled. Patient characteristics, blood test results, dietary vitamin K intake, and CYP2C9 and VKORC1 (−1639G > A) genotypes were recorded. CYP2C9 and VKORC1 (−1639G>A) genotyping revealed that 80% of the patients had CYP2C9*1/*1 and VKORC1 mutant AA genotypes. Multiple linear regression analysis demonstrated that the optimal pharmacogenetics-based model comprised age, body surface area, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), genotypes, vitamin K intake, aspartate aminotransferase levels, and alcohol intake. eGFR exercised a significant impact on the maintenance doses, as an increase in eGFR of 10 mL/min/1.73 m2 escalated the warfarin maintenance dose by 0.6 mg. Reduced eGFR was related to lower warfarin maintenance doses, independent of VKORC1 and CYP2C9 genotypes in Japanese patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1537
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 10-2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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