Inhibition of 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine-induced mucin-depleted foci and O6-methylguanine DNA adducts in the rat colorectum by boiled garlic powder

Takeshi Chihara, Kan Shimpo, Takaaki Kaneko, Hidehiko Beppu, Kenmei Mizutani, Takashi Higashiguchi, Shigeru Sonoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The scavenging capacity of reactive oxygen species, such as hydroxyl radicals, is reported not to decrease in boiled garlic (an odorless garlic preparation). We therefore examined the modifying effect of boiled garlic powder (BGP) on 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-induced mucin-depleted foci (MDF) and aberrant crypt foci (ACF), preneoplastic lesions, in the rat colorectum. Male F344 rats (5 weeks old) were fed a basal diet, or experimental diets containing 5% or 1% BGP for 5 weeks. One week later, all rats were injected s.c. with DMH (40 mg/kg, once weekly for 2 weeks). At 10 weeks of age, all the rats were sacrificed, and the colorectum was evaluated for MDF and ACF. In rats given DMH and the 5% or 1% BGP diets (Groups 2 and 3), the numbers of MDF decreased significantly in a dose-dependent manner, compared with the DMH and basal diet value (Group 1) (p<0.01). The numbers of ACF in Group 2, but not Group 3, showed a non-significant tendency to decrease. Next, the effects of BGP on the formation of DMH-induced O6-methylguanine (O6-MeG) DNA adducts in rats were studied. Male F344 rats (5 weeks old) were fed the basal diet, or 10% BGP diet for 5 weeks. All rats were injected i.p. once with 40 mg/kg DMH at the end of week 5. The animals were sacrificed 6 hours after DMH injection to analyze the O6-MeG DNA adducts in the colorectal mucosa. Dietary administration of BGP significantly inhibited the O6-MeG DNA adduct levels in the colorectal mucosa, compared with the controls (p<0.01). These results suggested that BGP may exert chemopreventive effects against colon carcinogenesis at least in the initiation stage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1301-1304
Number of pages4
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Volume11
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2010

Fingerprint

1,2-Dimethylhydrazine
Garlic
DNA Adducts
Mucins
Dimenhydrinate
Powders
Aberrant Crypt Foci
Diet
Inbred F344 Rats
Mucin-3
Mucous Membrane
O-(6)-methylguanine
Focus Groups
Hydroxyl Radical
Reactive Oxygen Species
Colon
Carcinogenesis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

@article{ca23ce6332c94224a96c82bb4c98b8b1,
title = "Inhibition of 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine-induced mucin-depleted foci and O6-methylguanine DNA adducts in the rat colorectum by boiled garlic powder",
abstract = "The scavenging capacity of reactive oxygen species, such as hydroxyl radicals, is reported not to decrease in boiled garlic (an odorless garlic preparation). We therefore examined the modifying effect of boiled garlic powder (BGP) on 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-induced mucin-depleted foci (MDF) and aberrant crypt foci (ACF), preneoplastic lesions, in the rat colorectum. Male F344 rats (5 weeks old) were fed a basal diet, or experimental diets containing 5{\%} or 1{\%} BGP for 5 weeks. One week later, all rats were injected s.c. with DMH (40 mg/kg, once weekly for 2 weeks). At 10 weeks of age, all the rats were sacrificed, and the colorectum was evaluated for MDF and ACF. In rats given DMH and the 5{\%} or 1{\%} BGP diets (Groups 2 and 3), the numbers of MDF decreased significantly in a dose-dependent manner, compared with the DMH and basal diet value (Group 1) (p<0.01). The numbers of ACF in Group 2, but not Group 3, showed a non-significant tendency to decrease. Next, the effects of BGP on the formation of DMH-induced O6-methylguanine (O6-MeG) DNA adducts in rats were studied. Male F344 rats (5 weeks old) were fed the basal diet, or 10{\%} BGP diet for 5 weeks. All rats were injected i.p. once with 40 mg/kg DMH at the end of week 5. The animals were sacrificed 6 hours after DMH injection to analyze the O6-MeG DNA adducts in the colorectal mucosa. Dietary administration of BGP significantly inhibited the O6-MeG DNA adduct levels in the colorectal mucosa, compared with the controls (p<0.01). These results suggested that BGP may exert chemopreventive effects against colon carcinogenesis at least in the initiation stage.",
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Inhibition of 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine-induced mucin-depleted foci and O6-methylguanine DNA adducts in the rat colorectum by boiled garlic powder. / Chihara, Takeshi; Shimpo, Kan; Kaneko, Takaaki; Beppu, Hidehiko; Mizutani, Kenmei; Higashiguchi, Takashi; Sonoda, Shigeru.

In: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, Vol. 11, No. 5, 01.01.2010, p. 1301-1304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inhibition of 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine-induced mucin-depleted foci and O6-methylguanine DNA adducts in the rat colorectum by boiled garlic powder

AU - Chihara, Takeshi

AU - Shimpo, Kan

AU - Kaneko, Takaaki

AU - Beppu, Hidehiko

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AU - Higashiguchi, Takashi

AU - Sonoda, Shigeru

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