The effects of manumycin, a competitive farnesyltransferase (FTase) inhibitor, on pancreatic cancer cell lines with or without K-ras mutation were studied. Manumycin inhibited the growth of human pancreatic cancer cells (SUIT-2, MIA PaCa-2, AsPC-1, BxPC-3) in a close-dependent manner. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) in cell lines with a mutant K-ras gene (SUIT-2, MIA PaCa-2, AsPC-1) was lower than that in BxPC-3 with a wild-type ras. Both mitogen-activated protein kinase activity after growth stimuli and the ability for chemotactic invasion were markedly more inhibited by manumycin in SUIT-2 than in BxPC-3. These results suggest that mutated Ras is more sensitive to manumycin than the wild type. Furthermore, tumor growth and liver metastasis in nude mice inoculated with manumycin-treated SUIT-2 cells were inhibited close dependently. Inhibition of Ras activity might be a new anticancer strategy in pancreatic cancer in which Ras plays a role.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism