4-Chloro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (NBD-Cl) functions as a hapten and fluoresces upon binding to proteins. Therefore, fluorescence visualization of hapten-proteins is a feature of the colitis induced by NBD-Cl. Using this colitis model, we located activated fibroblasts in the vicinity of hapten-proteins upon colitis induction and observed interleukin (IL)-6 production in the activated fibroblasts. We screened herbal ingredients using primary fibroblasts stimulated with tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and found the suppressive action of Atractylodin on IL-6 production. Under TNF-α stimulation, Atractylodin induced the tri-methylation of histone H3 at lysine residue 9, which impaired the binding between NF-κB and the IL-6 promoter on the genomic DNA. Atractylodin inhibited KDM4A but not KDM6A activity. Atractylodin administration attenuated colitis induction. The KDM4A inhibitor ML324 showed similar actions on IL-6 production and colitis induction. We propose the inhibition of KDM4A activity as a strategy to suppress IL-6 production and attenuate colitis induction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy