Inhibition of the action of the stimulatory GDP/GTP exchange protein for smg p21 by the geranylgeranylated synthetic peptides designed from its C-terminal region

H. Shirataki, K. Kaibuchi, M. Hiroyoshi, M. Isomura, S. Araki, T. Sasaki, Y. Takai

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24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

smg p21B, a member of the ras p21-like small GTP-binding protein superfamily, undergoes post-translational modifications, which are geranylgeranylation of the cysteine residue in the C-terminal region followed by removal of the three C-terminal amino acids (QLL) and the subsequent carboxyl methylation of the exposed prenylated cysteine residue. smg p21B has a polybasic region upstream of the prenylated cysteine residue. We have previously proposed that these C-terminal structures of smg p21B are essential for the action of its stimulatory GDP/GTP exchange protein, named GDP dissociation stimulator (GDS). We studied here which structure of the C-terminal region of smg p21B is important for its interaction with smg p21 GDS. For this purpose, we synthesized a peptide according to the C-terminal structure of smg p21B, which was PGKARKKSSC-geranylgeranyl-carboxyl methyl, and its variously modified peptides and examined their ability to interact with smg p21 GDS and to interfere with the smg p21 GDS action to stimulate the GDP/GTP exchange reaction of smg p21B. The results indicate that the phosphorylated form of PGKARKKSSC-geranylgeranyl stoichiometrically interacts with smg p21 GDS, that the presence of the geranylgeranyl moiety is essential for, but not sufficient for, the smg p21 GDS action, and that the presence of the methyl moiety, removal of the three C-terminal amino acids, and the presence of the polybasic amino acids also affect the smg p21 GDS action. It is likely that all the steps of the post-translational processing and presence of the polybasic region in the C-terminal region of smg p21B are related to its interaction with smg p21 GDS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20672-20677
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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