The inhibitory effect of a novel orally active platelet membrane glycoprotein receptor complex IIb/IIIa (GP IIb/IIIa) inhibitor, SC-54684A is studied on intimal thickening in the guinea pig femoral artery. A segment of the femoral artery was occluded by a platelet-rich thrombus induced by photochemical reaction between systemically administered Rose Bengal and transluminal green light which causes endothelial injury followed by platelet adhesion and aggregation at the site of photochemical reaction. Three weeks after successful thrombolysis by tissue-type plasminogen activator, intimal thickening occurred at the irradiated site. SC-54684A (30 mg/kg), administered 2 h before photochemical reaction, significantly (P < 0.05) prolonged the time to occlusion of the femoral artery; in this respect aspirin (100 mg/kg) was ineffective. A combination of SC-54684A and recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) increased the frequency of reopening and significantly (P < 0.05) prolonged the duration of reflow compared with rt-PA alone. Further, SC-54684A administered orally twice a day for 3 weeks significantly (P < 0.05) inhibited intimal thickening but aspirin, administered orally once a day for 3 weeks, was ineffective. Scanning electron microscopy revealed extensive platelet adhesion and aggregation on the denuded vessel walls in the untreated group 24 h after successful thrombolysis. In separate experiments, SC-54684A markedly inhibited platelet aggregation ex-vivo. Inhibition of platelet adhesion and aggregation at the site of endothelial injury by SC-54684A (via GPIIb/IIIa inhibition) may account for its inhibitory effect on intimal thickening.
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