Neutrophils accumulated in the lung are thought to play a key role in the pathogenesis of adult respiratory distress syndrome and interstitial pneumonia following bone-marrow transplantation. The effects of gabexate mesilate on several aspects of human neutrophil function have been investigated. Gabexate mesilate significantly decreased both the generation of reactive oxygen species (O2 −, H202, OH·) by neutrophils and neutrophil chemotaxis. In contrast, the drug did not affect the levels of reactive oxygen species generated by a cell-free reactive-oxygen-species generating system. Intracellular calcium concentrations in neutrophils stimulated by f-Met-Leu-Phe were decreased in the presence of gabexate mesilate. These data suggest that the reduction in reactive-oxygen-species production and neutrophil chemotaxis by gabexate mesilate may contribute to the effectiveness of the drug in adult respiratory distress syndrome and interstitial pneumonia after bone-marrow transplantation. The suppression of the increase in intracellular calcium concentration may at least be responsible for the inhibition of these neutrophil functions by gabexate mesilate.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology
- Biochemistry, medical