Neutrophils accumulated in the lung are thought to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of host auto-injury such as adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We investigated the effect of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) on several aspects of human neutrophil function. PGE1 significantly decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS), (O2-, H2O2, OH·) generation by neutrophils as well as neutrophil phagocytosis and chemotaxis. In contrast, the drug did not affect the levels of ROS generated by a cell-free ROS generating system. In addition, intracellular calcium concentrations ([Ca2+]i) in neutrophils stimulated by f-Met-Leu-Phe were decreased in the presence of PGE1. These data suggest that the reduction in ROS production and neutrophil phagocytosis and chemotaxis by PGE1 may contribute to the effectiveness of the drug in host auto-injury including ARDS. The suppression of the increase in [Ca2+]i may at least be responsible for inhibition of these neutrophil functions by PGE1.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids|
|Publication status||Published - 10-1994|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology