Pulmonary venous obstruction (PVO) after correction of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) frequently occurs due to intimal-hyperplasia and the required re-operation. We have developed a novel sustained-release drug delivery system, using Tacrolimuseluting biodegradable nano-fiber (TEBN). It consists of nano-scale fiber composed of biodegradable polymer and Tacrolimus. This study evaluated the effects of TEBN for prevention of venous anastomotic stricture in a rat model to apply to PVO operation. Tacrolimus was incorporated into poly (L-lactide-co-glycolide). The venous stricture model was made by rat inferior vena cava anastomosis. The IVC anastomosis was covered with TEBN with 1.0 wt% Tacrolimus (n=12) or without TEBN as a control (n=12), and evaluated histologically at 1, 2, and 4 weeks after operation. The ratio of intimal area was significantly reduced in the TEBN group compared with the control group (ratio; 1 week: 0.43 ± 0.26 vs. 0.07 ± 0.04, P=0.04, 2 weeks: 0.39 ± 0.19 vs. 0.05 ± 0.02, P=0.01, 4 weeks: 0.31±0.15 vs. 0.09 ± 0.04, P=0.03, control vs. TEBN, respectively). Histological findings showed endothelialization along the inner surface of the vein even in TEBN. The TEBN reduced intimal hyperplasia and preserved endothelialization even in a venous stricture. These results suggested that this strategy might be useful for prevention of recurrent PVO after TAPVC correction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine