Host genetic susceptibility may influence gastric carcinogenesis caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. We aimed to clarify the relationship of interleukin (IL)-8 polymorphism with the risk of atrophic gastritis and gastric cancer. We examined IL-8 -251 T > A, IL-1B -511 C > T, and IL-1RN intron 2 polymorphisms in 252 healthy controls, 215 individuals with atrophic gastritis, and 396 patients with gastric cancer. We also investigated the effect of the IL-8 polymorrphism on IL-8 production and histologic degree of gastritis in noncancerous gastric mucosa. Although no correlation was found in the analysis of the IL-1B and IL-1RN polymorphisms, IL-8 -251 A/A genotype held a higher risk of atrophic gastritis [odds ratio (OR), 2.35; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.12-4.94] and gastric cancer (OR, 2.22; 95% CI, 1.08-4.56) compared with the T/T genotype. We also found that the A/A genotype increased the risk of upper-third location (OR, 3.66; 95% CI, 1.46-9.17), diffuse (OR, 2.79; 95% CI, 1.21-6.39), poorly differentiated (OR, 2.70; 95% CI, 1.14-6.38), lymph node (OR, 2.50; 95% CI, 1.01-6.20), and liver metastasis (OR, 5.63; 95% CI, 1.06-30.04), and p53 -mutated (OR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.13-3.26) subtypes of gastric cancer. The A/A and A/T genotypes were significantly associated with higher levels of IL-8 protein compared with the T/T genotype. Neutrophil infiltration score was significantly higher in the A/A genotype than in the T/T genotype. In conclusion, we showed that the IL-8 -251 T > A polymorphism is associated with higher expression of IL-8 protein, more severe neutrophil infiltration, and increased risk of atrophic gastritis and gastric cancer.
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