PURPOSE: To describe the intraoperative and postoperative morphological and functional outcomes after autologous neurosensory retinal flap transplantation (ART) for a high myopia-related refractory macular hole (MH). METHODS: This prospective interventional study enrolled five eyes of five patients (age range 54-84 years) with highly myopic refractory MHs who underwent ART. All cases were evaluated with intraoperative optical coherence tomography and postoperative optical coherence tomography, optical coherence tomography angiography, and microperimetry for at least 6 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Intraoperatively, the MH was covered by an ART flap with a persistent small subretinal space that was filled with the ART flap after 4 days to 6 days. Optical coherence tomography discriminated the original from the transplanted retina. The mean basal diameter of the original MH decreased from 1,504 ± 684 µm preoperatively to 1,111 ± 356 µm postoperatively. The best-corrected visual acuity improved in two cases, was stable in two cases, and deteriorated in one case. Microperimetry demonstrated no obvious postoperative changes in the fixation points and the absolute scotoma corresponding to the base of MHs with chorioretinal atrophy. In two eyes, choroidal neovascularization developed beneath the transplanted retinas. CONCLUSION: Transplanted tissue was in a fixed position by 1 week postoperatively with a decreased diameter of the original MH. Postoperative fixation points were on the original retina at the MH edge. Because choroidal neovascularization may develop, detailed monitoring is required.
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