Normal ductal cells of the breast are exceptional in that their epithelial cells abundantly express the c-kit receptor. Loss of c-kit expression has been reported in 80-90% of breast cancer specimens, suggesting a possible role in the development of tumors. In the present study, we introduced a c-kit expression vector vector into breast cancer cell line. MCF-7, which does not express c-kit does express its ligand, stem cell factor (SCF). Anchorage dependent and independent growth was found to be inhibited in bulk cultures of the c-kit transfectants, although this suppression appeared to be incomplete, allowing a considerably fraction to tolerate c-kit expression. Heterogenous sensitivity to the suppressive effects mediated by the c-kit receptor was also observed among individual clones isolated from the bulk cultures. These results suggest that c-kit can mediated inhibitory signals for the growth of breast cancer cells, but that cellular heterogeneity exists regarding the response. Further studies are warranted to elucidate the molecular basis for the inhibitory effects of c-kit.
|Number of pages||6|
|Issue number||6 B|
|Publication status||Published - 01-12-1996|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research