We investigated common structural and network changes across the sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)-frontotemporal dementia (FTD) continuum. Based on cluster analysis using the frontotemporal assessment battery, 51 patients with sporadic ALS were subdivided into three groups: 25 patients with ALS with cognitive deficiency (ALS-CD); seven patients who satisfied FTD criteria (ALS-FTD), and 19 patients with ALS with normal cognitive function (ALS-NC). Compared with the controls, gray matter images from patients with ALS-FTD showed atrophic changes in the following order of severity: caudate head, medial frontal gyrus, thalamus, amygdala, putamen, and cingulate gyrus (peak level, uncorrected p < 0.001). The caudate head was significant at the cluster level using FWE correction (p < 0.05). Diffusion tensor imaging with tract-based spatial statistics revealed white matter changes in the areas surrounding the caudate head, the internal capsule, and the anterior horn of the lateral ventricle in the ALS-CD and ALS-FTD. Probabilistic diffusion tractography showed a significant decrease in structural connectivity between the caudate head and the dorsomedial frontal cortex and the lateral orbitofrontal cortex, even in the ALS-NC. Our results indicated that the caudate head and its networks were the most vulnerable to lesion in sporadic ALS-FTD-spectrum patients associated with cognitive decline with FTD features.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration|
|Publication status||Published - 16-11-2016|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology