A 10-year-old girl was diagnosed with astrocytoma grade 2. Immuno-chemo-radiotherapy (interferon, ranimustine, and radiation), second-line chemotherapy (carboplatin and etoposide, 7 cycles) and third-line chemotherapy (ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide) was given to treat progressive disease. Finally, irinotecan therapy was initiated and led to dramatic clinical improvement. Irinotecan is metabolized by carboxylesterase to form an active SN-38, which is further conjugated and detoxified by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) to yield its β-glucuronide. The polymorphic UGT isoenzyme, UGT1A1 has genetic variants which decrease in SN-38 glucuronidating capacity and could help predict irinotecan-associated toxicity. The patient suffered excessive toxicity with low-dose irinotecan although no functional polymorphism in UGT1A1 was identified. We suggest that irinotecan offers an effective treatment option for children with recurrent brain stem glioma and other genetic variants except UGT1A1 may be a risk factor for irinotecan-induced toxicity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cancer Research