Background: It remains unknown whether the end-of-life (EOL) environment influences survival after anticancer treatment, particularly for gynecologic malignancy. Objective: The study's objective was to clarify whether the survival time varied depending on where patients spend the EOL. Methods: This retrospective study included patients who received initial oncologic treatment but died due to cancer recurrence and/or progression. The subjects were a cohort of 181 gynecologic malignant tumor cases in a single institution from 2002 to 2008. Measurement was of postcancer treatment survival (PCS), defined as the time interval between the last date of anticancer treatment after recurrence/progression and death from the disease, analyzed on stratification by type of supportive care or where patients spent the EOL. Results: The median survival time was 26.1 (1.0-306.4) months. The distribution of the carcinoma type was as follows: 28.7% of patients with cervical (N=52), 27.6% with endometrial (N=50), and 43.1% with ovarian (N=79) cancer. The median PCS was 13.3 weeks. Patients in the hospice/home care group showed a significantly more favorable PCS than those in the hospital group (log rank: P=0.029). On multivariate analysis, the age (<60 versus ≥60) and site of supportive care (hospital versus hospice/home care) retained their significance as independent prognostic factors of poor PCS (age: HR=0.679, 95% CI, 0.496-0.928, P=0.0151; site of supportive care: HR=0.704, 95% CI, 0.511-0.970, P=0.0319). Conclusions: Our current data could be hypothesis generating; it is possible that the EOL environment is a crucial prognostic factor for survival after anticancer treatment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine