Ischemic Event and Risk Factors of Embolic Stroke in Atherosclerotic Cerebral Aneurysm Patients Treated with a New Clipping Technique

Ittichai Sakarunchai, Yoko Kato, Yasuhiro Yamada, Joji Inamasu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background We would like to know the exact rate of ischemic event and the risk factors associated with embolic stroke by treatment of atherosclerotic cerebral aneurysm with a new technique. Methods This is a retrospective cohort study in patients diagnosed as unruptured atherosclerotic cerebral aneurysm who underwent microsurgical clipping between January 2012 and August 2014. All intraoperative video recordings were reviewed and chosen in patients who were identified as atherosclerotic lesion on the dome, neck, or parent artery of the aneurysm. The demographic, radiographic, operative, and postoperative data were collected. The primary end point was the incidence of cerebral infarction and the neurologic outcomes using the discharge modified Rankin Scale (MRS) score at postoperation time. A statistical analysis of the factors associated with embolic stroke was done by Fisher exact and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests. The individual surgical technique was demonstrated as an illustration for use as a guide. Results Among 103 atherosclerotic cerebral aneurysms, only 3 patients (2.9%) were associated with postoperative cerebral infarction and 1 of them had permanent neurologic deficit. A good MRS score (0-2) was found in 99% of patients and only 1% had a fair MRS score (3-4). A factor associated with ischemic outcome was duration of operation (P =.046). The differences in the atherosclerotic location showed no statistical significance. Conclusions We found a very low incidence of embolic infarction after clipping of an atherosclerotic cerebral aneurysm with our new technique. Only duration of the operation time was a dependent risk factor for embolic infarction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2497-2507
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume24
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11-2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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