Isolated Biliary Fistula After Donor Right Hepatectomy and Its Novel Interventional Treatment: Isolated Liver-Punctured Drainage

H. Kato, M. Usui, A. Nakatsuka, A. Hayasaki, T. Ito, Y. Iizawa, Y. Murata, A. Tanemura, N. Kuriyama, Y. Azumi, M. Kishiwada, S. Mizuno, H. Sakurai, S. Isaji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Isolated biliary leakage is difficult to manage, and afflicted patients often develop refractory fistula. The present case was a 43-year-old male donor whose wife developed acute fulminant liver failure. Computed tomography (CT) volumetry showed that the estimated remnant liver volume was only 394 mL (31%) if his right lobe would be harvested. Since remnant liver volume was marginal, our proposed cut line for the right hepatectomy was set in order to preserve branches of the middle hepatic vein draining segments 4b+8 and 5. Right hepatectomy was performed, but on postoperative day 14, the donor developed fever and right back pain, and enhanced CT showed a 6 cm intra-abdominal abscess at the site of cutting, and we diagnosed it as an isolated biliary fistula since the isolated segment 5/8 was receiving arterial blood supply and exhibiting regrowth. A transabdominal abscess drainage was performed, after which the patient lost 30 to 50 mL of bile juice per day in drainage until 2 months after the drainage procedure. Ethanol injection, acetic acid injection, and transarterial or portal embolization for the isolated liver were proposed, but these all were impossible to carry out because there were no accessible routes. Thus, re-abscess drainage with a 7-French drainage catheter was performed through the isolated liver on postoperative day 53, and the isolated functional liver was punctured to induce liver atrophy. After this drainage, the isolated liver started to shrink and bile output had been stopped. In conclusion, our punctured-liver drainage could be effective for the treatment of isolated biliary fistula, allowing physicians to avoid an invasive additional liver resection or other invasive percutaneous approach using chemical reagents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2885-2888
Number of pages4
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 11-2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation


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