The aminoglycoside-modifying enzyme AAC(6')-Ib is common among carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-Kp) strains. We investigated amikacin (AMK) activity against 20 AAC(6')-Ib-producing CR-Kp strains. MICs clustered at 16 to 32 μg/ml. By the time-kill study, AMK (1× and 4×the MIC) was bactericidal against 30% and 85% of the strains, respectively. At achievable human serum concentrations, however, the majority of strains showed regrowth, suggesting that AAC(6')-Ib confers intermediate AMK resistance. AMK and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) were synergistic against 90% of the strains, indicating that the combination may overcome resistance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases