LGI1–ADAM22–MAGUK configures transsynaptic nanoalignment for synaptic transmission and epilepsy prevention

Yuko Fukata, Xiumin Chen, Satomi Chiken, Yoko Hirano, Atsushi Yamagata, Hiroki Inahashi, Makoto Sanbo, Hiromi Sano, Teppei Goto, Masumi Hirabayashi, Hans Christian Kornau, Harald Prüss, Atsushi Nambu, Shuya Fukai, Roger A. Nicoll, Masaki Fukata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Physiological functioning and homeostasis of the brain rely on finely tuned synaptic transmission, which involves nanoscale alignment between presynaptic neurotransmitter-release machinery and postsynaptic receptors. However, the molecular identity and physiological significance of transsynaptic nanoalignment remain incompletely understood. Here, we report that epilepsy gene products, a secreted protein LGI1 and its receptor ADAM22, govern transsynaptic nanoalignment to prevent epilepsy. We found that LGI1–ADAM22 instructs PSD-95 family membrane-associated guanylate kinases (MAGUKs) to organize transsynaptic protein networks, including NMDA/AMPA receptors, Kv1 channels, and LRRTM4–Neurexin adhesion molecules. Adam22ΔC5/ΔC5 knock-in mice devoid of the ADAM22–MAGUK interaction display lethal epilepsy of hippocampal origin, representing the mouse model for ADAM22-related epileptic encephalopathy. This model shows less-condensed PSD-95 nanodomains, disordered transsynaptic nanoalignment, and decreased excitatory synaptic transmission in the hippocampus. Strikingly, without ADAM22 binding, PSD-95 cannot potentiate AMPA receptor-mediated synaptic transmission. Furthermore, forced coexpression of ADAM22 and PSD-95 reconstitutes nano-condensates in nonneuronal cells. Collectively, this study reveals LGI1–ADAM22–MAGUK as an essential component of transsynaptic nanoarchitecture for precise synaptic transmission and epilepsy prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2022580118
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume118
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19-01-2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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