Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a member of gamma-herpesvirus, which can cause various types of tumor. Coexisting with the host for a long period of time, it has evolved unique and sophisticated strategy for survival by taking complicated, tactical modes of infection. Such modes include latent and lytic infections, and latent state is further categorized into four types. Differences and transitions in such lifestyles are significantly associated not only with virus amplification, but also with pathology and advancement of the disorders. I here review oncogenesis and pathogenesis of EBV-related disorders, especially focusing on our recent results on the modes of EBV infection.
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