Light blue crest and ridge/villous patterns in the uninvolved gastric antrum by magnifying NBI endoscopy correlate with serum pepsinogen and gastric cancer occurrence.

Masaaki Okubo, Tomomitsu Tahara, Tomoyuki Shibata, Joh Yonemura, Daisuke Yoshioka, Yoshio Kamiya, Masakatsu Nakamura, Tomiyasu Arisawaz, Naoki Ohmiya, Ichiro Hirata

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Combining the magnifying endoscopy and the narrow-band imaging (NBI) system is an endoscopic imaging technique for the enhanced visualization of mucosal microscopic structure and capillaries of the superficial mucosal layer. Light blue crest (LBC) and, ridge/villous pattern have been thought to be suggestive signs for gastric intestinal metaplasia (IM) of magnifying NBI endoscopy. Since the IM is related to gastric cancer risk (GC), the prevalence of LBC and ridge/villous pattern in the nonneoplastic gastric antrum was examined in relation to gastric cancer (GC) risk and serological severity of gastritis. In 100 subjects including 13 GC patients, gastric mucosal pattern were examined using magnifying NBI. The mucosal patterns in the antrum were classified according to the presence of LBC or ridge/villous pattern. Serum pepsinogen (PG) levels were also examined. The sensitivity and specificity for predicting IM was the best when LBC and ridge/villous patterns were combined (sensitivity 95.2%, specificity 98.7%). Both LBC and ridge/villous pattern showed lower serum PGI and PGI/II ratio than those without (P = 0.046, 0.0005, respectively.) In particular, PGI/II ratio was lowest in ridge/villous pattern. The LBC and ridge/villous pattern showed higher incidence of all GC and diffuse GC compared to those without (P = 0.002, 0.002, respectively). LBC and ridge/villous pattern in uninvolved gastric antrum by magnifying NBI endoscopy are useful signs for predicting gastric atrophy in the entire stomach and GC risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-528
Number of pages4
Issue number130
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2014


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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