Light/dark transition test for mice

Keizo Takao, Tsuyoshi Miyakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although all of the mouse genome sequences have been determined, we do not yet know the functions of most of these genes. Gene-targeting techniques, however, can be used to delete or manipulate a specific gene in mice. The influence of a given gene on a specific behavior can then be determined by conducting behavioral analyses of the mutant mice. As a test for behavioral phenotyping of mutant mice, the light/dark transition test is one of the most widely used tests to measure anxiety-like behavior in mice. The test is based on the natural aversion of mice to brightly illuminated areas and on their spontaneous exploratory behavior in novel environments. The test is sensitive to anxiolytic drug treatment. The apparatus consists of a dark chamber and a brightly illuminated chamber. Mice are allowed to move freely between the two chambers. The number of entries into the bright chamber and the duration of time spent there are indices of bright-space anxiety in mice. To obtain phenotyping results of a strain of mutant mice that can be readily reproduced and compared with those of other mutants, the behavioral test methods should be as identicalas possible between laboratories. The procedural differences that exist between laboratories, however, make it difficult to replicate or compare the results among laboratories. Here, we present our protocol for the light/dark transition test as a movie so that the details of the protocol can be demonstrated. In our laboratory, we have assessed more than 60 strains of mutant mice using the protocol shown in the movie. Those data will be disclosed as a part of a public database that we are now constructing. Visualization of the protocol will facilitate understanding of the details of the entire experimental procedure, allowing for standardization of the protocols used across laboratories and comparisons of the behavioral phenotypes of various strains of mutant mice assessed using this test.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere104
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2006
Externally publishedYes

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Genes
Light
Mutant Strains Mice
Drug therapy
Motion Pictures
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Anxiety
Standardization
Visualization
Exploratory Behavior
Gene Targeting
Genome
Databases
Phenotype
Pharmaceutical Preparations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

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Light/dark transition test for mice. / Takao, Keizo; Miyakawa, Tsuyoshi.

In: Journal of Visualized Experiments, No. 1, e104, 01.10.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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