The effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the cell death induced by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress agents in RAW 264.7 cells was studied. LPS prevented the cell death by brefeldin A, but not thapsigargin and tunicamycin. CpG DNA as well as LPS prevented brefeldin A-induced cell death whereas tumor necrosis factor-α or interferon-γ did not. Brefeldin A-induced cell death was mediated with apoptotic cell death and it was significantly inhibited by LPS. LPS abolished the activation of ER stress-related caspases, such as caspases 1, 3, and 4. LPS prevented brefeldin A-induced morphological changes in RAW 264.7 cells. Further, LPS prevented brefeldin A-induced Golgi dispersion. Therefore, LPS was suggested to diminish the stress of ER/Golgi complexes induced by brefeldin A and inhibit apoptosis. The preventive action of LPS on brefeldin A-induced apoptosis is discussed.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 10-02-2006|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology