The effect of lipopolysaccharide on doxorubicin-induced cell death was studied by using mouse RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Pretreatment with lipopolysaccharide at 10 ng/mL prevented doxorubicin-induced cell death and the inhibition was roughly dependent on the concentration of lipopolysaccharide. Posttreatment with lipopolysaccharide for 1 hour also prevented doxorubicin-induced cell death. Lipopolysaccharide inhibited DNA fragmentation and caspase-3 activation in doxorubicin-treated RAW 264.7 cells, suggesting the prevention of doxorubicin-induced apoptosis. Lipopolysaccharide did not significantly inhibit doxorubicin-induced DNA damage detected by single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet) assay. Lipopolysaccharide definitely inhibited the stabilization and nuclear translocation of p53 in doxorubicin-treated RAW 264.7 cells. Lipopolysaccharide, as well as being an inhibitor of p53, abolished doxorubicin-induced apoptosis. Therefore, p53 was suggested to play a pivotal role in the prevention of doxorubicin-induced apoptosis in RAW 264.7 cells by lipopolysaccharide.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research