In the present study, we investigated whether mood stabilizer lithium (Li) protects against d-amphetamine (AMP)-induced mania-like behaviours via modulating the novel proinflammatory potential. Repeated treatment with AMP resulted in significant increases in proinflammatory cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and indolemaine-2,3-dioxygenase-1 (IDO)-1 expression in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of mice. However, AMP treatment did not significantly change IDO-2 and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) expression, suggesting that proinflammatory parameters such as COX-2 and IDO-1 are specific for AMP-induced behaviours. AMP-induced initial expression of COX-2 (15 minutes post-AMP) was earlier than that of IDO-1 (1 hour post-AMP). Mood stabilizer Li and COX-2 inhibitor meloxicam significantly attenuated COX-2 expression 15 minutes post-AMP, whereas IDO-1 inhibitor 1-methyl-DL-tryptophan (1-MT) did not affect COX-2 expression. However, AMP-induced IDO-1 expression was significantly attenuated by Li, meloxicam or 1-MT, suggesting that COX-2 is an upstream molecule for the induction of IDO-1 caused by AMP. Consistently, co-immunoprecipitation between COX-2 and IDO-1 was observed at 30 minutes, 1, 3, and 6 hours after the final AMP treatment. This interaction was also significantly inhibited by Li, meloxicam or 1-MT. Furthermore, AMP-induced hyperlocomotion was significantly attenuated by Li, meloxicam or 1-MT. We report, for the first time, that mood stabilizer Li attenuates AMP-induced mania-like behaviour via attenuation of interaction between COX-2 and IDO-1, and that the interaction of COX-2 and IDO-1 may be critical for the therapeutic intervention mediated by mood stabilizer.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 01-05-2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)