PFIC1, originally described as "Byler disease," is characterized by cholestatic feature and chronic diarrhea. Many patients require LT for the cure, but intractable diarrhea and prolonged growth retardation after LT are serious complications limiting the ultimate outcome of LT for this disease. EBD has recently been shown to be a promising and effective treatment. Recently, we successfully treated a five-yr-old boy with PFIC1 employing EBD after re-transplantation. The patient received LDLT at the age of one yr. Six months after initial transplantation, he developed repeated attacks and diarrhea followed by the development of liver dysfunction and ascites. Liver biopsy at three yr after LDLT revealed the features of chronic graft rejection. With a diagnosis of chronic graft rejection with liver failure, we performed a repeat LDLT with EBD in which the jejunal loop used for hepaticojejunostomy was taken out of the body surface through the abdominal wall. Ten months after surgery, he is doing well, having no attack of diarrhea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health