Localization of E-cadherin in peripheral glia after nerve injury and repair

Mitsuhiro Hasegawa, Akira Seto, Naoyuki Uchiyama, Shinya Kida, Tetsumori Yamashima, Junkoh Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peripheral nerve injury results in histological and histochemical changes in neurons and glia. We have recently found that Ca2+-dependent cell adhesion molecule E-cadherin plays an important role in the selective fasciculation of a particular subset of unmyelinated sensory fibers. In the present immunohistochemical and immunoblot analyses, the temporal profile of the subcellular expression of this molecule in spinal nerves was examined after crushing, transecting, or ligaturing the sciatic nerve in mice with special attention paid to E-cadherin expression in glial cells. After axotomy of the sciatic nerve, distal axons of the proximal stump and the fibers of the distal stump degenerated, but E-cadherin was still detectable at the outer mesaxons of the myelinated axons as long as they remained morphologically intact. Subsequently, Schwann cells proliferated and migrated to form Schwann cell columns (Bungner's bands) as initial responses to denervation, and expressed E-cadherin at their site of contact with each other and later with sprouting axons. At the initial stage of myelin formation, slender processes of a single Schwann cell interdigitated with and enveloped axons, and expressed E-cadherin at the contact site elaborated by a single Schwann cell. Immunoblot analysis on day 7 revealed that E-cadherin was detected in both the proximal nerve segments and the regenerative distal segments, but was negative in the degenerative distal segments. On the basis of present data, it is suggested that E-cadherin might be involved in the stabilization of the peripheral glial network which provides the guidance of sprouting axons and myelination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)424-434
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 04-1996
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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