Endothelin (ET)-1(1-31) is a novel vasoconstrictor peptide produced by human mast cell chymase, which selectively cleaves big ET-1 at the Try 31-Gly32 bond. We investigated the localization of ET-1(1-31) in various hamster tissues by immunohistochemistry and compared it to the distribution of ET-1(1-21). We found that the localization and amount of ET-1(1-31) were different from those of ET-1(1-21) in each tissue. ET-1(1-31)-like immunoreactivities (IR) in the heart, lung, and adrenal gland were observed in the same areas as ET-1(1-21) but were significantly weaker, suggesting that ET-1(1-31) might play a role only in mast cell/chymase-related pathological conditions in these tissues. In the liver, ET-1(1-31)-like IR was strongly detected in Kupffer cells where ET-1(1-21)-like IR was seen more weakly. In the kidney, ET-1(1-31)-like IR was slightly higher than ET-1(1-21). These results suggest that ET-1(1-31) might have physiological roles distinct from those of ET-1(1-21) in some hamster tissues.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)