Myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1), which is also called the myosin-binding subunit of myosin phosphatase, is one of the subunits of myosin phosphatase. Myosin phosphatase regulates the inter-action of actin and myosin downstream of the guanosine triphosphatase Rho, as previously shown (K. Kimura, et aL, 1996, Science 273: 245-248). To understand the role of MYPT1 in the regulation of the cytoskeleton in human diseases, we have cloned a 4855-bp cDNA for human MYPT1 using the rat MYPT1 cDNA as probe. Sequencing analysis has revealed that human MYPT1 contains 1030 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular mass of approximately 115 kDa. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis placed the human MYPT1 gene on chromosome 12q15-q21.2. Radiation hybrid mapping has shown that the human MYPT1 gene is located very near the highly polymorphic marker CHLC.GATA65A12, which lies between D12S350 and D12S106.
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