Background: Left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain (GLS) has emerged as a more sensitive index than LV ejection fraction (LVEF) for detecting subclinical LV dysfunction. We examined whether changes in GLS values are associated with the long-term prognosis of patients with a preserved LVEF and acute decompensated heart failure (HF). Methods: We studied 100 consecutive patients (mean age: 71 years) who were hospitalized for HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and had a preserved LVEF (≥ 50%) in both the acute and stable phases. We performed two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography in the acute (GLS-acute) and stable (GLS-stable) phases at a median of 2 and 347 days after admission, respectively, and calculated the rate of change of the absolute value of GLS-stable with respect to that of GLS-acute. An improved GLS was defined as a rate of change in GLS ≥ 16%, and a non-improved GLS was a rate of change < 16%. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major cardiovascular events (MACE). Results: During a mean follow-up period of 1218 days, MACE occurred in 26 patients, including 8 all-cause deaths and 18 readmissions for HF. The rate of change in GLS for patients with MACE was lower than compared to those without MACE (10.6% vs 26.0%, p < 0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analyses indicated the rate of change in GLS was an independent predictor of MACE (p < 0.001). A non-improved GLS was correlated with a high risk of MACE. Conclusion: Changes in GLS values could be useful for the long-term risk stratification of patients hospitalized for HFpEF and persistently preserved LVEF.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine