Long-term prognostic value of changes in left ventricular global longitudinal strain in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

Eirin Sakaguchi, Akira Yamada, Hiroyuki Naruse, Hidekazu Hattori, Hideto Nishimura, Hideki Kawai, Takashi Muramatsu, Junichi Ishii, Tadayoshi Hata, Kuniaki Saito, Hideo Izawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain (GLS) has emerged as a more sensitive index than LV ejection fraction (LVEF) for detecting subclinical LV dysfunction. We examined whether changes in GLS values are associated with the long-term prognosis of patients with a preserved LVEF and acute decompensated heart failure (HF). Methods: We studied 100 consecutive patients (mean age: 71 years) who were hospitalized for HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and had a preserved LVEF (≥ 50%) in both the acute and stable phases. We performed two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography in the acute (GLS-acute) and stable (GLS-stable) phases at a median of 2 and 347 days after admission, respectively, and calculated the rate of change of the absolute value of GLS-stable with respect to that of GLS-acute. An improved GLS was defined as a rate of change in GLS ≥ 16%, and a non-improved GLS was a rate of change < 16%. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major cardiovascular events (MACE). Results: During a mean follow-up period of 1218 days, MACE occurred in 26 patients, including 8 all-cause deaths and 18 readmissions for HF. The rate of change in GLS for patients with MACE was lower than compared to those without MACE (10.6% vs 26.0%, p < 0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analyses indicated the rate of change in GLS was an independent predictor of MACE (p < 0.001). A non-improved GLS was correlated with a high risk of MACE. Conclusion: Changes in GLS values could be useful for the long-term risk stratification of patients hospitalized for HFpEF and persistently preserved LVEF.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHeart and Vessels
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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