Previous studies have shown highly effective lowering of blood pressure with thiazide diuretics in combination with angiotensin receptor blockers. However, thiazide diuretics may cause the development of diabetes and abnormal lipid metabolism. Little is known as to whether dysmetabolic potential of thiazide diuretics could be neutralized when adding angiotensin receptor blockers. This study consisted of 26 patients with essential hypertension. Patients were randomized to 24 weeks of treatment with either candesartan, 12 mg monotherapy (n = 13, group A), or hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), 6.25 mg in combination with candesartan, 8 mg (n = 13, group B). Before and after treatment, we assessed glucose and lipid profiles including adiponectin, resistin, and active glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels. At baseline, there were no differences in age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), as well as plasma levels of hemoglobin A1c, insulin, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, adiponectin, resistin, and active GLP-1 between the two groups. There were significant reductions in SBP (from 152 ± 10 mmHg at baseline to 134 ± 12 mmHg after treatment) and DBP (from 84 ± 5 mmHg at baseline to 71 ± 8 mmHg after treatment) in group A. There were also significant reductions in SBP (from 148 ± 10 at baseline to 128 ± 7 mmHg after treatment) and DBP (from 90 ± 9 at baseline to 74 ± 12 mmHg after treatment) in group B. There were no differences in reduction of SBP or DBP after 24 weeks of treatment between the two groups. There were no changes of the glucose and lipid profiles, including adiponectin, resistin, insulin, and active GLP-1 levels after 24 weeks of treatment in both groups. A low dose of HCTZ in combination with candesartan reduces blood pressure effectively without adverse effects on the glucose and lipid profiles. Therefore, the combination of thiazide diuretics and angiotensin receptor blockers could assist patients in achieving long-term control of blood pressure with good tolerability.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine