BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of older-onset ulcerative colitis (UC), which has a higher risk of surgery, is a global health issue. However, data regarding intravenous steroid treatment, one of the important treatment options to avoid surgery, for older-onset UC is lacking. AIMS: To evaluate the association between onset age and effectiveness of intravenous steroids in UC. METHODS: This retrospective multicentre (27 facilities) cohort study included moderate-to-severe hospitalised UC patients who underwent their first intravenous steroids between April 2014 and July 2019. The primary outcome was clinical remission at day 30, using two-item patient-reported outcome scoring. The key secondary outcomes were risks of surgery and adverse events (death, infection and venous thrombosis) within 90 days. A modified Poisson regression model was used for analysis. RESULTS: Overall, 467 UC patients (384 younger-onset and 83 older-onset) were enrolled. Clinical remission at day 30 was observed in 252 (65.6%) among younger-onset patients and 43 (51.8%) among older-onset patients (adjusted risk difference, -21.7% [95% CI, -36.1% to -7.2%]; adjusted risk ratio [ARR], 0.74 [95% CI, 0.59 to 0.93]). The risks of surgery and adverse events were higher in older-onset UC (20.5% vs. 3.1%; ARR, 8.92 [95% CI, 4.13 to 19.27], 25.3% vs. 9.1%; ARR, 2.19 [95% CI, 1.22 to 3.92], respectively). Four deaths occurred, all involving older-onset UC. The risks of infection and venous thrombosis were also higher in older-onset UC (18.1% vs. 8.6%, 7.2% vs. 0.5%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Older-onset was associated with a lower effectiveness of intravenous steroids with higher risks of surgery and adverse events in UC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)