Lymphocytic panhypophysitis and anti-rabphilin-3A antibody with pulmonary sarcoidosis

Yuka Takahashi, Hiraku Kameda, Aika Miya, Hiroshi Nomoto, Kyu Yong Cho, Akinobu Nakamura, Hiroki Nishimura, Hirokazu Kimura, Masaru Suzuki, Satoshi Konno, Ai Shimizu, Yoshihiro Matsuno, Michinari Okamoto, Hiroaki Motegi, Naoko Iwata, Haruki Fujisawa, Atsushi Suzuki, Yoshihisa Sugimura, Hideaki Miyoshi, Tatsuya Atsumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To explore the clinical significance of anti-rabphillin-3A antibody for the differential diagnosis of lymphocytic panhypophysitis. Methods and results: A 58-year-old Japanese man developed uveitis of unknown cause in 2017. In 2019, he became aware of polyuria. In August 2020, he noticed transient diplopia and was diagnosed with right abducens nerve palsy. At the same time, he complained of fatigue and loss of appetite. Head magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated enlargement of the pituitary stalk and pituitary gland, corresponding to hypophysitis. Hormone stimulation tests showed blunted responses with respect to all anterior pituitary hormones. Central diabetes insipidus was diagnosed on the basis of a hypertonic saline loading test. Taking these findings together, a diagnosis of panhypopituitarism was made. Computed tomography showed enlargement of hilar lymph nodes. Biopsies of the hilar lymph nodes revealed non-caseating epithelioid cell granulomas that were consistent with sarcoidosis. Biopsy of the anterior pituitary revealed mild lymphocyte infiltration in the absence of IgG4-positive cells, non-caseating granulomas, or neoplasia. Western blotting revealed the presence of anti-rabphilin-3A antibody, supporting a diagnosis of lymphocytic panhypophysitis. Because the patient had no visual impairment or severe uveitis, we continued physiological hormone replacement therapy and topical steroid therapy for the uveitis. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of anti-rabphilin 3A antibody positive lymphocytic panhypophysitis comorbid with sarcoidosis, diagnosed by both pituitary and hilar lymph node biopsy. The utility of anti-rabphilin-3A antibody for the differential diagnosis of hypophysitis like this case should be clarified with further case studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-327
Number of pages7
JournalPituitary
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 04-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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