Mechanical Thrombectomy Up to 24 Hours in Large Vessel Occlusions and Infarct Velocity Assessment

Manabu Inoue, Takeshi Yoshimoto, Kanta Tanaka, Junpei Koge, Masayuki Shiozawa, Tatsuya Nishii, Yasutoshi Ohta, Tetsuya Fukuda, Tetsu Satow, Hiroharu Kataoka, Hiroshi Yamagami, Masafumi Ihara, Masatoshi Koga, Michael Mlynash, Gregory W. Albers, Kazunori Toyoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We retrospectively compared early-(<6 hours) versus late-(6– 24 hours) presenting patients using perfusion-weighted imaging selection and evaluated clinical/radiographic outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Large vessel occlusion patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy from August 2017 to July 2020 within 24 hours of onset were retrieved from a single-center database. Perfusion-weighted imaging was analyzed by automated software and final infarct volume was measured semi-automatically within 14 days. The primary end point was good outcome (modified Rankin Scale 0– 2 at 90 days). Secondary end points were excellent outcome (modified Rankin Scale 0–1 at 90 days), symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, and death. Clinical characteristics/radiological values including hypoperfu-sion volume and infarct growth velocity (baseline volume/onset-to-image time) were compared between the groups. Of 1294 patients, 118 patients were included. The median age was 74 years, baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was 14, and core volume was 13 mL. The late-presenting group had more female patients (67% versus 31%, respectively; P=0.001). No statistically significant differences were seen in good outcome (42% versus 53%, respectively; P=0.30), excellent outcome (26% versus 32%, respectively; P=0.51), symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (6.5% versus 4.6%, respectively; P=0.74), and death (3.2% versus 5.7%, respectively; P=0.58) between the groups. The late-presenting group had more atherothrombotic cerebral infarction (19% versus 6%, respectively; P=0.03), smaller hypoperfusion volume (median: 77 versus 133 mL, respectively; P=0.04), and slower infarct growth velocity (median: 0.6 versus 5.1 mL/h, respectively; P=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with early-and late-time windows treated with mechanical thrombectomy by automated perfusion-weighted imaging selection have similar outcomes, comparable with those in randomized trials, but different in infarct growth velocities. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clini​caltr​ials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02251665.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere022880
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume10
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21-12-2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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