Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis induced in rats by a lentil lectin and its antibodies

Satoshi Sekiyama, Futoshi Yoshida, Yukio Yuzawa, Atsushi Fukatsu, Norihiko Suzuki, Nobuo Sakamoto, Seiichi Matsuo

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Abstract

Experimental glomerulonephritis was induced in rats to investigate the consequence of the antigen-antibody interaction on the surface of glomerular endothelial cells (GENs). A lectin, Lens culinaris hemoagglutinin (LCH), was first planted in the left kidney by isolated perfusion of a left kidney, and then the circulation was reestablished. Rabbit anti-LCH antibodies were injected from the tail vein 3 minutes after the recirculation of the left kidney, and acute glomerulonephritis ensued. Fifteen minutes after the injection, rabbit immunoglobulin G (IgG), rat C3, and LCH were observed exclusively on the surface of GENs. Accumulation of platelets was prominent. Three hours later, the immune deposits were seen in the subendothelial space, and the polymorphonuclear cells were the dominant infiltrate in the glomeruli. Up to the seventh day, immune deposits were seen in the subendothelial space, and the widening of this area was increasingly observed. Fourteen days later, immune deposits containing rat IgG were observed in the subepithelial area, but they were only occasionally seen in the subendothelial space and in the mesangial area. No crescent formation was seen at day 14, but the mesangial area was expanded, with an increased number of cells. The number of nuclei in the cross-section of a glomerulus increased after the induction of glomerulonephritis, but the number of leukocyte common antigen-positive cells (infiltrating cells) decreased gradually from day 4 to day 14. The staining of Thy-1.1, a marker of mesangial cell, was markedly enlarged in the glomerulus at day 14. These data suggest that mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis can be induced by the antigen-antibody interaction on the surface of GENs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-82
Number of pages12
JournalThe Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Volume121
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-1993
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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    Sekiyama, S., Yoshida, F., Yuzawa, Y., Fukatsu, A., Suzuki, N., Sakamoto, N., & Matsuo, S. (1993). Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis induced in rats by a lentil lectin and its antibodies. The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, 121(1), 71-82.