Methylation status of IGF2 DMR and LINE1 in leukocyte DNA provides distinct clinicopathological features of gastric cancer patients

Tomomitsu Tahara, Sayumi Tahara, Noriyuki Horiguchi, Tomohiko Kawamura, Masaaki Okubo, Hyuga Yamada, Dai Yoshida, Takafumi Ohmori, Kohei Maeda, Naruomi Komura, Hirokazu Ikuno, Yasutaka Jodai, Toshiaki Kamano, Mitsuo Nagasaka, Yoshihito Nakagawa, Tetsuya Tsukamoto, Makoto Urano, Tomoyuki Shibata, Makoto Kuroda, Naoki Ohmiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


DNA methylation of leukocyte DNA has been proposed to be a biomarker for cancer that can be used to target patients for appropriate clinical implementation. We investigated IGF2 DMR and LINE1 methylation in the leukocyte DNA and their association with clinicopathological features and prognosis of gastric cancer (GC) patients. Methylation status of IGF2 DMR and LINE1 in the leukocyte DNA was quantified using bisulfite pyrosequencing in 207 GC patients. Methylation of both IGF2 DMR and the LINE1 was significantly higher in the undifferentiated histologic type compared to the differentiated histologic type (both P = 0.0002). Hypermethylation of both the IGF2 DMR and the LINE1 was associated with more aggressive features of GC such as advanced stage (IGF2 DMR, P = 0.0002; LINE1, P < 0.0001), lymphatic invasion positive (IGF2 DMR, P = 0.004; LINE1, P = 0.002), venous invasion positive (IGF2 DMR, LINE1, both P = 0.03), lymph node metastasis positive (IGF2 DMR, P = 0.01; LINE1, P = 0.001), peritoneal dissemination positive (IGF2 DMR, P = 0.04; LINE1, P = 0.002), liver metastasis positive (IGF2 DMR, P = 0.008; LINE1, P = 0.001), and other distant metastasis positive (IGF2 DMR, P = 0.04). Our data suggest that high LINE1 and IGF2 DMR methylation status would be a phenomenon that is observed with the progression of GC, supporting their potential utility as a biomarker in GC patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-220
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology


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