Mi-2β is the main component of the nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase complex and plays an important role in epigenetic transcriptional repression. Here we show that the amino-terminal and carboxyl-terminal regions of Mi-2β have distinct transcriptional activities and bind to BRG1, a component of the SWI/SNF complex, and the RET finger protein (RFP), respectively. Analysis by luciferase reporter assay revealed that the amino-terminal region of Mi-2β has a strong transactivating ability, whereas its carboxyl-terminal region has transcriptional repressive activity. Co-localization and association of Mi-2, RFP, and histone deacetylase 1 suggested that these proteins cooperate in transcriptional repression. Furthermore, the functional importance of the association of Mi-2β and RFP was confirmed by using Rfp-/- fibroblasts. On the other hand, we demonstrated that Mi-2 and BRG1 were associated with each other and that the bromodomain region of BRG1 strongly suppressed transactivation by the amino-terminal region of Mi-2β. The findings that Mi-2β interacts with both transactivating and repressing proteins and directly associates with another chromatin remodeling protein, BRG1, provide new insight into the formation of multiprotein supercomplex involved in transcriptional regulation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology