Minimally invasive surgeries by innovative approaches are practiced in all fields. The evolution of microneurosurgery has revolutionized the results in neurosurgery. Use of endoscopes and navigation has made microsurgery less invasive. Another development to make minimally invasive microneurosurgery further lesser invasive is the use of micromanipulator. The use and effectiveness of manually controlled micromanipulator system is presented. The manually controlled micromanipulator system consists of three parts, i.e., a basic micromanipulator, manipulator supporting device and the manual control. The micromanipulator fitted in supporting device is arranged before the start of surgery. The supporting device used is pneumatically driven powered endoscopic holding device (Mitaka Kohki Co., Tokyo) In maximum number of times we used the system for endoscopic assisted cerebrovascular microneurosurgery. In a span of two months we used it in thirty aneurysm clipping surgeries. The endoscope fitted in system has three ranges of motions (forward/ backward, upside/down and sideways). We use MACHIDA rigid endoscope with internal diameter of 2.7 mm (smallest diameter endoscope available). Special features of this endoscope are accurate visualization at a deeper plane, stable movements and availability of single focus point for long time. All these features are valuable during pre- and postoperative clipping observation. The aim of development of micromanipulator system was to further reduce invasiveness. A significant improvement in manual dexterity is possible when working through the micromanipulator interface, which dampens human physiological tremor. The physiological tremor would render the manual dexterity unsafe at the end of lever arm of long instruments. Thus, the use endoscope becomes practical. The minimally invasive microneurosurgery can be further made lesser invasive by use of micromanipulator and we are convinced that this will facilitate more accurate and promising results in microneurosurgery.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology