[Modified DIXON: examination of the different flip angles and echo times for water-fat separation and contrast].

Yasuo Takatsu, Takayuki Nakatsuka, Tosiaki Miyati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The method known as DIXON is imaging from two different echo times (TE), using the opposite phase of water and fat. Modified DIXON (mDIXON) is the method that is calculated from changing the opposing phases 'in' and 'opposed' phases of the actual measurement, to fit the theoretical value. We reviewed that the effect of the water-fat separation and contrast depended on the different flip angles (FA) and echo times (TE). The diluted gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) (from 0 to 5 mmol/l) and liver model was stabilized by lard. In order to measure the SNR and %CV of the lard, the various combinations of TE and FA (from 5 to 20 degrees) were changed. The suitable range for the measurement of the SNR and %CV of the lard, and the contrast of gadolinium Gd-EOB-DTPA and the liver model, in the axial view (including 50% fat), was around the 'opposed' phase in the first TE (TE1) and around the 'in' phase in the second TE (TE2) and FA: 15degrees (TE1: 2.0-2.9 ms, TE2: 4.1-5.0 ms). In order to avoid phase dispersion, shorter TE range is more desirable (TE1: 2.0-2.25 ms, TE2: 4.1-4.5 ms). It is our understanding that the water-fat separation is better in these ranges and under these circumstances, good contrast was obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1365-1372
Number of pages8
JournalNihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai zasshi
Volume68
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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