Modified inverted internal limiting membrane flap technique for macular hole closure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of modified internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap technique combined with vitreous surgery for treating macular holes and examine the outcomes in visual function and anatomic macular hole closure. Study Design: Retrospective, observational. Methods: Between July 1, 2015, and October 1, 2019, the modified inverted ILM flap technique combined with vitreous surgery was used to treat idiopathic macular holes, postoperative progression was then followed for at least 6 months in 96 participants (98 eyes). We modified the method by removing the lower half of the ILM while peeling and inverting the upper half. The mean age of the participants was 65.9 ± 11.9 years (41 men (42.7%) and 55 women (57.3%)). Retrospective evaluations of macular hole diameter, corrected visual acuity, and macular hole closure rates were performed using data from medical records. Results: The mean macular hole diameter was 623.6 ± 207.4 μm. The mean corrected visual acuity (logMAR) was 0.79 ± 0.27 before surgery and 0.46 ± 0.35 at 1, 0.35 ± 0.39 at 3, and 0.31 ± 0.36 at 6 months Post surgery, showing significant differences before and after surgery (p = 2.30 × 10− 2). The macular hole closure rate was 98%. Conclusion: The modified inverted ILM flap technique combined with vitreous surgery was an effective method for treating macular holes, resulting in improvement in closure and visual acuity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-548
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume66
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology

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