Modulation of oxidative DNA damage and DNA-crosslink formation induced by cis-diammine-tetrachloro-platinum(IV) in the presence of endogenous reductants

Tsuyoshi Nakai, Motozumi Ando, Yoshinori Okamoto, Koji Ueda, Nakao Kojima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Platinum(IV) [Pt(IV)] complex, satraplatin, is currently in clinical trials for the treatment of various cancers. As a key step of the anti-cancer effect exertion, satraplatin is supposed to be reduced by endogenous reductants to platinum(II) [Pt(II)] complex. In this study, we investigated the interaction of DNA, Pt(IV), and the endogenous reductants such as ascorbic acid (AsA) and glutathione (GSH). As a model Pt(IV) compound, cis-diammine-tetrachloro-Pt(IV) [cis-Pt(IV)], which is a prodrug of cisplatin [cis-diammine-dichloro-Pt(II), cis-Pt(II)], was incubated with calf thymus DNA in the presence of AsA or GSH. In the presence of AsA, cis-Pt(IV) induced oxidative DNA damage. Hydroxyl radical scavengers suppressed the AsA-associated oxidative damage, thereby suggesting that hydroxyl radicals are involved in the DNA oxidation. cis-Pt(II)-like CD spectral change and crosslink formation in calf thymus DNA were also observed during this DNA oxidation, suggesting cis-Pt(IV) reduction by AsA and DNA conformational change induced by the newly formed cis-Pt(II) binding to DNA. GSH did not induce oxidative DNA damage likely due to its own hydroxyl radical scavenging ability. Further, GSH suppressed the Pt(II)-mediated DNA conformational change and crosslink formation, suggesting that GSH sequesters the cis-Pt(II) away from DNA by GSH-cis-Pt(II) complex formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Volume105
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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