We have shown previously that a 52-kDa phosphoprotein (p52) co- precipitated with Ig receptor (IgR)-associated MB-1 protein was inducibly phosphorylated by the stimulation with 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate. By immunizing the 52-kDa protein co-precipitated with MB-1, we prepared a mAb (19-14), which can immunoprecipitate the p52 and the associated kinase molecule. Immune complex kinase assay with the 19-14 mAb showed that the p52 is associated with a novel kinase molecule and is involved in IgR-mediated signal transduction. Here we isolated a cDNA clone (α4) from a murine bone marrow cDNA library in λgt-11 vector by the 19-14 mAb. The α4 cDNA encodes a novel protein of 340 amino acids with multiple potential phosphorylation sites. The 1.4-kb α4 mRNA is expressed in various cells including cell lines of B lineage, T lineage, monocytic, fibroblast, and normal organs such as liver, spleen, thymus, and brain. To study the molecule encoded by the α4 cDNA, we produced a chimeric protein of the glutathione S transferase (GST)- α4 in pGEX-3X expression vector. The 19-14 mAb binds to the GST-α4 fusion protein. Rabbit anti-α4 Ab prepared by immunizing the GST-α4 fusion protein immunoprecipitated a 52-kDa phosphoprotein from WEHI-231 cells. The 52-kDa phosphoprotein immunoprecipitated by the anti-α4 Ab is tightly associated with kinase activity that is similarly observed with the p52 protein reported previously. Moreover, the 52-kDa phosphoprotein immunoprecipitated with the anti-α4 Ab is identical to the p52 by the protein comparison on non- equilibrium pH gradient gel electrophoresis/SDS-PAGE, isoelectric focusing/SDS-PAGE, and V8 protease mapping. The 52-kDa phosphoprotein is associated with functional components that are inducibly phosphorylated by anti-IgM stimulation. These results suggested that the α4 gene-encoded molecule is functionally involved in the IgR-mediated signal transduction in B cells.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 01-01-1995|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy